By Christopher P. I. Mahonge
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Scholars agree that the integration of formal and informal institutions and the participation of governmental and community actors is important for co-management. g. formal or informal alone and/or governmental or community alone) have failed to address the problem. Whereas participation can assist in eliminating the impacts of and erode some negative institutions, it can also result in undermining and eroding useful institutions. Through participation, some good institutions may be eroded, especially if the imposition of new institutions in an area does not determine the power of the existing institutions.
It also suggests that both the owners and the non-owners are aware of these institutions. These institutions may define actors entitled to use the resources and temporal and spatial boundaries of use, as well as conditions for use. Several property rights may exist, including private, state, open-access, and communal rights, or even combinations of these. Private property rights are adopted where there is limited land, the frequency of its use is high, and the population is high; thus, the type of property rights becomes strict and more explicit.
The section first gives a short description of the study area, including the location and climatic conditions of Lake Jipe, and the socio-economic, ecological, and cultural characteristics of the region. Subsequently, data collection methodology is highlighted and the methods, instruments and tools used under this methodology are presented. This entails the use of a combination of methods for complementing and confirming data collected using other methods. The section ends by introducing methods used for data analysis.