Read e-book online From Complexity to Creativity: Explorations in Evolutionary, PDF

By Ben Goertzel

Cybernetic pioneer Warren McCullough requested: "What is a guy, that he may possibly be aware of a host; and what's a bunch, guy might comprehend it?" pondering alongside a lot a similar traces, my query here's: "What is an inventive brain, that it will probably emerge from a posh procedure; and what's a posh process, that it can provide upward push to an artistic mind?" Complexity technological know-how is a modern subject nowadays. My standpoint on complexity, despite the fact that, is a slightly strange one: i'm attracted to advanced platforms technological know-how largely because it displays on summary mathematical, computational types of brain. In my 3 prior books, The constitution of Intelligence, Evolving brain, and Chaotic good judgment, i've got defined a finished complex-systems-theoretic concept of brain that I now name the psynet version. This ebook is a continuation of the learn software awarded in my prior books (and these books can be usually stated the following, via the nicknames EM and CL). One may well summarize the trajectory of suggestion spanning those 4 books as follows. SI formulated a philosophy and mathem- ics of brain, in accordance with theoretical laptop technology and the concept that of "pattern. " EM analyzed the speculation of evolution by way of common choice in comparable phrases, and used this computational conception of evolution to set up the evolutionary nature of thought.

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In the human mind the metric d gauges semantic and pragmatic similarity; it is defined implicitly by a constellation of other linguistic and nonlinguistic processes. Dynamics, Evolution, Autopolesis 19 This kind of approximate pattern has wide relevance beyond linguistics. For example, the Chaos Language Algorithm, to be described below, recognizes grammatical patterns underlying the trajectories of dynamical systems. The patterns which it recognizes are not patterns in the strict sense of algorithmic information, but they are valid and useful patterns nonetheless.

Extending the evolution principle to the realm of culture, Richard Dawkins has defined a "meme" as an idea which replicates itself effectively and thus survives over time. Using this language, we may say that natural selection itself has been a very powerful meme. " These diverse applications inspire a view of evolution as a special kind of dynamic. The evolutionary dynamic is particularly useful for modeling extremely complex systems----biological, sociological and cultural and psychological systems.

If animal A runs faster than its predator, but animal B does not, then all else equal animal A is fitter--no one needs a formal definition to tell them that. The problem is getting a handle on fitness in general. As the saying goes, if one cannot define fitness in any way besides reproductive success, then what one has is not survival of the fittest but just survival of the survivors. And, more to the point, if one cannot define fitness in any way besides case-by-case special pleading, then what one has is a very inelegant theory that cannot be easily generalized to other contexts.

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