Download e-book for iPad: Introduction to research methods in psychology by Dennis Howitt; Duncan Cramer

By Dennis Howitt; Duncan Cramer

The authors supply complete and cutting edge insurance of quantitative and qualitative examine equipment for psychology scholars all through their experiences. The learn technique is damaged down into plausible steps to equip scholars with the talents to invite clever learn questions and write up their findings.

content material: the fundamentals of analysis --
Quantitative study equipment --
basics of trying out and size --
Qualitative examine tools --
examine for initiatives, dissertations, and theses.
summary: The authors supply finished and leading edge insurance of quantitative and qualitative learn equipment for psychology scholars all through their reports. The study method is damaged down into possible steps to equip scholars with the talents to invite clever learn questions and write up their findings

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Extra resources for Introduction to research methods in psychology

Example text

However, the biggest problem is that there are many variables which simply cannot be manipulated by the researcher, for example, it is not possible to manipulate variables such as schizophrenia, gender, social economic status or intelligence for the convenience of testing ideas using true experiments. However, the variety and stimulation of using the more naturalistic or realistic research methods which are often the only rational choice in field settings is a challenge which many psychologists find rewarding.

It should be made apparent why it is important to test the hypotheses and what the basis or rationale is for them. ■ Alternatively, the general aims and objectives of the research can be summarised if the research in question is not particularly conducive to presentation as hypotheses about relationships between small numbers of variables. ■ Hypotheses are the basic building blocks of psychology. Some research attempts to test hypotheses, other research attempts to explore hypotheses, and yet other research seeks to generate hypotheses.

Throughout the writings of psychologists, one will find a positive but sceptical attitude to theory and research. There is a sense in which good psychologists regard all knowledge as tentative and even temporary – the feeling that, collectively, psychologists could always do better. 2 Types of studies One useful way of beginning to understand the possible aims of psychological research is to examine some broad research objectives in psychology and decide what each of them contributes. We will look at the following in turn: ■ ■ ■ ■ descriptive or exploratory studies evaluation or outcome studies meta-analytic studies.

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