By Mark A Bucknam
During this research Colonel Mark A. Bucknam examines the function that theater-level commanders within the UN and NATO performed in influencing airpower over Bosnia among April 1993 and December 1995. He offers it in a chronological order that gives a coherent account of Operation Deny Flight. This examine demanding situations assumptions approximately army leaders, their motivations, and the country of civil-military family in the course of the Bosnia clash
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Additional info for Responsibility of command: How UN and NATO commanders influenced airpower over Bosnia
In 1999, Ripley published a book on intervention in Bosnia. The book presents a lot of new information on the ground campaigns in Bosnia and Croatia during 1995. Tim Ripley with foreword by Nik Gowing, Operation Deliberate Force: The UN and NATO Campain in Bosnia 1995 (Lancaster, England: Centre for Defence and International Security Studies, 1999). 53. Robert Owen, “The Balkans Air Campaign Study: Part 1,” Air Power Journal 11, no. 2 (summer 1997): 4–24; and idem, “The Balkans Air Campaign Study: Part 2,” Air Power Journal 11, no.
1 (spring 1997): 19–42. 16. For instance, Leurdijk provides little discussion on the “dual key” command and control arrangements whereby NATO and the UN jointly controlled the authority to authorize air strikes. 17. Richard Holbrooke, To End a War (New York: Random House, 1998), 146. 18. James Gow, The Triumph of the Lack of Will: International Diplomacy and the Yugoslav War (New York: Columbia University Press, 1997), 1–7. 19. , 137–39 and 149–54. 20. , 136 and 146. 21. , 151. 22. Ibid. 23. , 267–69.
Unfortunately, some of the officials interviewed spoke only on the condition of anonymity. Others asked to see the work before agreeing to be cited by name. Both the anonymous interviewees and those who might be named later are cited in the endnotes as Military Official A, MOD Official B, and so on. Regrettably, Gen Rupert Smith, the UN commander in Bosnia during 1995 was not interviewed. Given General Smith’s pivotal role, the absence of an interview may have implications for the absolute reliability of certain 18 Lt Gen James “Bear” Chambers was the first director of NATO’s Combined Air Operations Center as a theater-level commander.