By Anja Kuckulenz
This e-book bargains a complete empirical research of continuous vocational education in Germany. particular matters pertaining to carrying on with education which are debated in academia in addition to in public are mentioned. salary and productiveness results of teaching are analysed, explicitly accounting for the heterogeneity of educating members. also, varieties of education that fluctuate within the measure of multinational specificity are thought of. salary and productiveness results of teaching are in comparison to study how the learning hire is shared among business enterprise and worker. ultimately, proof is given on even if confident externalities of constant education exist.
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Extra info for Studies on Continuing Vocational Training in Germany: An Empirical Assessment
Types, more than 60% of the employees in the BiBB/IAB sample report having participated in some kind of training over the last 2 years. 16.
The share of personnel costs and of retraining measures signiﬁcantly declined during the 1990s. If costs are broken down by economic sector, it is evident that employers in the service sector spent much more on training (per employee) during the 1990s when training costs per employee were almost twice as high for ﬁrms in the service sector than in the industrial sector. In contrast, the reverse was the case in 2001 when training costs per employee were higher for ﬁrms in the industrial sector than in the service sector.
Instead of years of schooling I use dummy variables for the highest educational outcome. Given the educational system in Germany, the assumption of linear returns to schooling is unlikely to hold, and educational outcome rather than years of schooling ﬁts German data better (Franz, 2003). I have to use an indicator for potential labour market experience because direct information on labour market experience is not available in all data sets. Usually, age minus years of schooling minus 6 is used as a proxy.