By C. Papazoglou
This e-book presents a complete research of the most elements that affected the process the nations of South-Eastern Europe in the course of transition, contributing, consequently, to their disappointing monetary functionality. therefore, the position of preliminary stipulations and matters about the effectiveness of macroeconomic stabilization and structural reforms are on the centre of the research. additionally, this quantity makes a speciality of advancements and matters referring to overseas exchange styles, overseas direct funding and the impression of the Euro at the trade cost guidelines of the international locations within the zone.
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Extra resources for The Economies of South Eastern Europe: Performance and Challenges
Hungary 2 Slovenia Slovak Rep. 5 Bulgaria 0 0 Prin. 1 Ranking of the countries of SEE and CE by the first two principal components principal component, we see that it has high positive correlations for location, urbanization and GNP per capita in 1989. Thus, countries with higher initial per capita income, higher urbanization and geographical proximity to the EU will have higher values for the second principal component which, in turn, corresponds to more favourable initial conditions. 1, that the countries of SEE have negative values for the second principal component (Prin.
1 This also reflected the lack of a developed banking system and the absence of markets for debt instruments such as government securities. The legacies of central planning complicated the implementation of macroeconomic stabilization in the transition economies and posed crucial macroeconomic challenges. First of all, as we will see below, the rudimentary nature of the financial systems (at least initially) limited significantly the conduct of monetary policy which, in turn, made a strategy for monetary targeting rather unrealistic.
A. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. = not available. a Central bank only. Sources: EBRD (1999, 2000); International Monetary Fund (IMF) (International Financial Statistics, Yearbook 2000, and Country Reports); and author’s own calculations. fiscal imbalances, while in the case of Romania relatively moderate deficits were associated with a very disappointing inflation performance. One issue that must be addressed, since it is directly related to the inflationary consequences of fiscal imbalances, refers to the method of financing such deficits.