New PDF release: The Interaction of Modality and Negation: A Typological

By Ferdinand De Haan

First released in 1997

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Additional info for The Interaction of Modality and Negation: A Typological Study

Example text

In the matrix model, this must be seen as an accident, since there is no inherent connection between individual cells. To sum up this section, a matrix model is more useful for crosslinguistic comparisons than any of the other frameworks we have examined, but it suffers from some drawbacks. The most serious one is its rigidity: discrete cells are used to reflect different verbs and different meanings. There is not always a one-to-one correspondence between meaning (represented by cells) and form (represented by verbs).

View and reach the conclusion that a theory that views modal elements as a coherent system, rather than as individual elements offers the best starting point for crosslinguistic comparisons. 1 NEGATION, MODALITY, AND ARISTOTLE The areas of modality and negation have been the almost exclusive domain of philosophers for most of the past 2500 years. Starting with Aristotle who was, if not the first, surely the most influential of the Greek philosophers who dealt with modality and / or negation, 21 22 The Interaction of Modality and Negation .

We now tum to some treatments of negation in the literature. 2 NEGATION AND THE KLIMA TESTS This section is concerned with linguistic theories of negation relevant to the present study. Many theories in many frameworks abound and I have limited myself here to the tests proposed in Klima (1964) for English. They have the advantage that they are widely known. Furthermore, they are applicable to many different languages and with them, it is possible to show differences in syntactic behaviour in different languages.

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